|The Potentialities of China's Mineral Resources(2006)
The results of regional basic geological survey and deposit prospecting show that, almost everywhere of the country excluding few areas of the western region is covered by less than or equal to the 1:20000 scale of the regional geological mapping, as well as the prospecting relating to regional physical geography and geochemistry. By the end of 2005, the middle scale used in basic geological work almost covered the country on the whole, even in the areas with low productivity such as the south of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
The white paper of <China's policy on mineral resources> points out that China has great potentialities in exploration and exploitation of mineral resources. Since 1980s, 72 thousand mineral spots have been found abnormity of mineralization and 25 thousand examined out of the way; 217 deposits have been discovered; while the others without abnormal examination has a good prospective of exploration.
A large number of resources in the periphery and deep of available mines in the west and middle-east region and the sea area dominated by Chinese government need more exploration.
Studies show that the average proven level of major metallic mineral resources is 35 percent of the total. As for the proven reserves of the resources, mineral resources like iron and aluminum, have about one time exploration potential as much as original; copper, manganese, nickel, tin about twice; lead, zinc and gold about three times.
In the period of Tenth Five- Year, great progress had been made in the exploration of China's major mineral resources, discovered 1200 new mineral lands. A group of large deposit discovered and evaluated these years has been completely shifted to commercial exploration and exploitation; a large number of metallogenetic perspective provinces which are being surveyed and evaluated have been a hot spot that people concerned for commercial mineral resources exploration and investment.
169 large and medium -sized new mineral lands has been discovered through geological survey and mineral resource exploration, of which, 40 were energy, 3 were ferrous metal, 44 non-ferrous metal, 11 precious metal, 7 were metallurgical auxiliary material, 5 were chemical material, 52 were nonmetal of building materials, 7 were water and gas resources. (see figure1-2)